All Posts tagged dental

Dry Mouth

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth occurs when your mouth cannot produce enough saliva. This condition causes parched or dry feeling in your mouth. Other symptoms include bad breath, dry throat and cracked lips. To maintain good dental health you body must produce enough saliva, it not only helps break down food but also works to protect your gum and teeth from gum disease and tooth decay.  While dry mouth isn’t a serious medical condition it can be a symptom of a much larger medical problem which can then lead to tooth decays.

What causes dry mouth?

The most common cause of dry mouth is dehydration. However there are other conditions that can affect saliva production such as,

  • stress
  • anxiety
  • smoking tobacco
  • using marijuana
  • taking tranquilizers
  • breathing through your mouth
  • taking certain medications, including some antihistamines, antidepressants, and appetite suppressants
  • undergoing radiation therapy on your head or neck
  • some autoimmune disorders, such as Sjögren’s syndrome
  • botulism poisoning
  • aging

Some tips to treat dry mouth

In most cases dry mouth can be prevented or relieve symptoms by doing these home remedies.

  • sipping water often
  • sucking on ice cubes
  • avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco
  • limiting your salt and sugar intake
  • using a humidifier in your bedroom when you sleep
  • taking over-the-counter saliva substitutes
  • chewing sugarless gum or sucking on sugarless hard candy
  • using over-the-counter toothpastes, rinses, and mints

If none of these home treatments work, visit your dentist or doctor and they might be able to prescribe you medications to help.

 

Sources:

Dry Mouth

 

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Oral piercings

Oral piercings

What are oral piercings?

Holes that are poked in the tongue, lips or cheek that hold any kind of jewellery are considered oral piercings.  This can be rings, barbells or even studs. Oral piercings do are considered a risk especially tongue piercings, this is due to the effects it can have on your mouth such as:

  • Infection
  • chipped or cracked teeth
  • gum damage
  • nerve damage (resulting in loss of sensation in the tongue)
  • interference with speaking and swallowing
  • potential blockage of airways due to excessive swelling
  • excessive drooling
  • excessive bleeding from the accidental piercing of a blood vessel or artery
  • ongoing pain (neuralgia)
  • HIV or hepatitis from the use of non-sterile equipment
  • internal damage which may be caused by accidentally swallowing loose jewellery

How long do Oral Piercings usually last?

If you practice good oral hygiene they can last for a lifetime. However if you start to notice any signs of any problem it would be best to visit a dental professional.  However it is still possible to still get complication from your oral piercing However even if you have the best oral care, damage to teeth or ingestion of loose jewellery is still possible.  Before getting a piercing, always go to a trained professional that uses sterile instruments. This way you’ll be less likely to get an infection or a disease.

To take the best case of your jewellery you should be staying away from habits such as smoking or chewing tobacco. Other habits that could lead to infections would be

  • Playing with or rotating your jewellery.
  • Chewing on your fingernails.
  • Putting a pen or a pencil in your mouth.
  • Placing the temple tips of your glasses in your mouth as you think pensively about the state of the world.

Sources:

Oral Piercings

Facts about piercing

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Baby Bottle Decay

Baby Bottle Decay

Decay’s in very young children and infants is often known as baby bottle decay. This happens when liquids that are sweet cling to an infant’s teeth for a long time.  Kids whose pacifiers that are frequently dipped in syrup and sugar during their nap time or night time are harmful because the flow of saliva decreases during their sleep.

Baby bottle decay usually affects the front teeth but other teeth may also be affected. If it is left untreated then it will affect their adult teeth as they come through as well as server pain and infections. If these teeth get infected it can cause the child to have speech problems, crooked or damaged adult teeth.

 

While this is all bad news, the good news is that it is quite simple to avoid getting babby bottle decay by applying good oral hygiene at a young age. These are some easy steps in order to prevent baby bottle decay:

  • Schedule regular dental visits
  • When the first few teeth come in, gently brush without using toothpaste or use fluoride free toothpaste
  • Wipe your baby’s gums with a washcloth or clean gauze pad after each feeding
  • Clean and massage gum in areas without teeth.
  • Avoid filling the bottles with sugary water and soft drinks and juices.
  • Never allow you child to fall asleep with a bottle containing anything but water
  •  Reduce sugar in your child’s diet and never give you child a pacifier dipped with anything sweet.

 

If you follow these steps your child could have healthy adult teeth. For more information talk to your dentist.

 

 

References : WebMd

 

 

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Dangers of Methamphetamine

Dangers of Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine, also known as meth is a street drug which can cause serious health problems, not only for your body but also your mouth and teeth.  A person which uses methamphetamine is known as a “meth mouth” because the use of such a drug results in stained, blackened, broken or even rotting teeth.  A study done by the Journal of American Dental Association found the 96% of 571 methamphetamine users had tooth decay and 31% were missing 6 or more teeth.

How can meth damage your teeth?

There are several ways meth can damage your teeth such as

Xerostomia: This is a stimulant which can cause dry mouth and will reduce the saliva protecting your teeth

Lack of dental hygiene: A meth high can last up to 12 house in which most users do not practice good dental hygiene such as flossing or brushing which can then lead to the sugary substances staying on their teeth for long periods of time.

Poor Diet: While under the influence, meth users often crave sugary foods due to withdrawals which are extremely bad for you teeth.

Can meth mouth be treated?

Unfortunately due the effects of meth the damage that is done to the teeth is irreversible. It causes the teeth to decay so much that they cannot be saved and must be pulled. For users that have used it for much longer might have to spend thousands in order to fix the damage of meth.  Those who haven’t used for a long time might be able to walk away with fillings and crowns.

 

Sources:

Meth Mouth

Effects of Meth mouth

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Dental Fluorosis

Dental Fluorosis

What is Fluorosis?

Fluorosis is a condition which affects your tooth enamel. It is caused by excessive amount of fluoride during the first 8 years which is the time the more permanent teeth are formed.  Teeth affected by fluorosis come appear to be discoloured and can be laced with white markings however more server cases can have stains which range from yellow to dark brown or noticeable pits on the tooth.  While fluorosis is not a disease it can be difficult to treat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Causes and Prevention

The biggest cause of fluorosis is inappropriate use of the fluoride. Some children like the taste of toothpaste and may swallow it instead of spitting it out.  Other ways this could happen would be taking a higher than normal amount of fluoride supplement during early childhood.  Parental vigilance is the key to preventing fluorosis. It’s not necessary to monitor their water and food as they get low levels of fluoride from this however parents should try and ensure they do not swallow the toothpaste.  Another way to make sure they don’t use too much fluoride would be to use less toothpaste depending on their age.

Sources:

Fluorosis Symptoms

Fluorosis Facts

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